Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency technique used to help resuscitate a person if they stopped breathing or their heart has stopped beating.
It’s a life-saving procedure that can greatly improve a person’s chances of survival. If it’s performed within the first few minutes of cardiac arrest, CPR can double or triple a person’s survival.
How Does CPR Work?
If the heart stops beating, it’s in cardiac arrest, which means the heart stops pumping blood to the rest of the body. At this point, both the brain and lungs are deprived of blood. The more time a person is in cardiac arrest, the higher their chances of death.
CPR uses chest compressions to “copy” the way the heart pumps blood, which keeps blood flowing throughout the body. CPR may not be useful in other heart disease-related events, such as heart attacks. During a heart attack, the blood flow to the heart is blocked, but the heart itself does not lose consciousness. However, a heart attack can lead to cardiac arrest.
Why You Should Learn CPR?
Some jobs, such as childcare professionals or medical professionals are required to have CPR training. However, this is an important skill that everyone should have, even stay-at-home moms. Statistically, hospital cardiac arrests count for only 1% of all cardiac arrests in Australia.
Around 25% of them happen at home, and 15% take place in public. In fact, out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is the leading cause of death in Australia. As a result, knowing how to perform CPR can save someone’s life: a stranger on the street or even a loved one.
How to Perform CPR?
Luckily, you don’t need special training to perform CPR. Here are the recommended steps from the Heart Foundation for bystanders who need to provide someone with CPR:
- Call 000 and request an ambulance
- Start CPR by pushing hard and fast in the centre of the chest
- It’s important to maintain a rhythm and perform 100 to 120 compressions per minute
- After about 30 compressions, give two rescue breaths and repeat the cycle until help arrives
- If available, use an automated external defibrillator. The device will provide you with specific instructions on how to use it;
- If not available, continue with hands-only CPR until the ambulance arrives
Get CPR Training at Upskill Institute
Sudden cardiac arrests can happen to anyone, anywhere. Knowing how to perform CPR can save a life.
If you want to learn how to provide CPR, Upskill Institute’s program can take you through all the basics and teach you how to perform this life-saving procedure. You will learn how to assess a health emergency situation, quickly spot the signs that someone is in need, and even how protect yourself during it.